25 Oct 2007

ෆ්‍රැන්සිස මාරි අරවුට් හෙවත් වොල්ටෙයාර් ගැන

ෆ්‍රැන්සිස මාරි අරවුට් හෙවත් වොල්ටෙයාර් ගැන මා විශේෂ උනන්දපවක් දැක්වුයේ ශිල්ප සයුර සඳහා පුහුණුවක් ලෙස ප්‍රංශ විප්ලවයේ ‍ලේඛනය නිර්මාණය කළ පසුය.


ඔහුගේ බුද්ධිමත්භාවය, වාග්පෞරෂය, හාස්‍යය රසය ප්‍රංශයේ ශේෂ්ඨතමදර්ශනවාදියකු කර ඇත. ඔහුගේ හාස්‍යය ඔහු සමාජයේ ජනප්‍රිය කරවීය. ඔහුගේ තියුණු අදහස් නිසා විටින් විට රාජ්‍ය අධිකාරිය සමග ගැටීමටද විය. ඔහු බැස්ටීලයේ මාස 11 ක් සිරගත වීය. එහිදි ඔහු තම ප්‍රථම කෘතිය වෝල්ටෙයාර් නමින් ලියා එලි දැක්වීය. තරුණ රාජකීයත්වයට අපහාසකිරීම නිසා ඔහු පිටුවහල් කෙරිණි. එංගලන්තයට ගිය ඔහු නැවත ප්‍රංශයට පැමිණ ලී දේ නිසා නැවත පිටුවහල් කෙරුණි. ඔහු ලියු ලිපි, නාට්‍ය හා කෘති යුරෝපයේ බුද්ධිමය ප්‍රාග්ධනය බවට පත්වීය.

වෝල්ටෙයාර්ගේ අදහස්

"a witty saying proves nothing."

"Every man is guilty of the good he didn't do."

"Holy Roman Empire was neither holy, nor Roman, nor an empire."

"You know that these two nations are at war over a few acres of snow near Canada, and that they are spending on this little war more than all of Canada is worth."

"In this country, from time to time, we like to kill an admiral, to encourage the others"

"If God did not exist, it would be necessary to invent him."

"If you want good laws, burn those you have and make new ones."

"...the safest course is to do nothing against one's conscience. With this secret, we can enjoy life and have no fear from death. "

"All sects are different, because they come from men; morality is everywhere the same, because it comes from God. "

"Animals have these advantages over man: they never hear the clock strike, they die without any idea of death, they have no theologians to instruct them, their last moments are not disturbed by unwelcome and unpleasant ceremonies, their funerals cost them nothing, and no one starts lawsuits over their wills. "

"Anything too stupid to be said is sung. "

"Appreciation is a wonderful thing: It makes what is excellent in others belong to us as well. "

"Doubt is not a pleasant condition, but certainty is absurd. "

"Every man is guilty of all the good he didn't do. "

"God is a comedian playing to an audience too afraid to laugh. "

"God is always on the side of the big battalions. "

"History is a pack of lies we play on the dead. "

"I have never made but one prayer to God, a very short one: 'O Lord, make my enemies ridiculous.' And God granted it. "

"Indeed, history is nothing more than a tableau of crimes and misfortunes. "

"Indolence is sweet, and its consequences bitter. "

"It is dangerous to be right when the government is wrong. "

"It is forbidden to kill; therefore all murderers are punished unless they kill in large numbers and to the sound of trumpets. "

"Judge of a man by his questions rather than by his answers. "

"Love is a canvas furnished by Nature and embroidered by imagination. "

"Love truth, and pardon error. "

"Marriage is the only adventure open to the cowardly. "

"Men are equal; it is not birth but virtue that makes the difference. "

"Prejudice is opinion without judgement. "

"Regimen is superior to medicine."

"The art of medicine consists in amusing the patient while nature cures the disease."

"The multitude of books is making us ignorant. "

"The secret of being boring is to say everything. "

"There is a wide difference between speaking to deceive, and being silent to be impenetrable. "

"Those who can make you believe absurdities can make you commit atrocities. "

"To succeed in the world it is not enough to be stupid, you must also be well-mannered. "

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